As many refugees as in 2015 and 2016 are now no longer arriving in Germany. Nevertheless, according to the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees, 190,816 people applied for asylum in 2021—the year before the Ukraine war—56.2 percent more than in 2020, despite the Corona pandemic. Exactly 148,233 people submitted an initial application in 2021. Most of them came from Syria (37.0 per cent), followed by Afghanistan (15.7 per cent) and Iraq (10.5 per cent). Only 1.8 per cent of initial applications in 2021 came from refugees from Iran, 1.7 per cent from people from Nigeria. Since 1990, 5.3 million people have applied for asylum in Germany.
Last year, 23.7 per cent of the applications of 149,954 people were rejected. 21.4 per cent of the applicants were granted refugee status in 2021, 15.3 per cent subsidiary protection. In 3.2 per cent, a ban on deportation was pronounced. 36.7 per cent of the decisions were formal. According to the Federal Agency for Civic Education, this means: “Formal decisions are made without examining the content of the asylum application, for example, when proceedings are discontinued, when the applicant withdraws his or her application or when the responsibility of another EU state is established according to the Dublin Procedure.”
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Die Ausländerbehörde im Tübinger Landratsamt. Foto: tünews INTERNATIONAL / Martin Klaus.