Corona infections have led to official institutions using legal instruments provided by the German Protection against Infection Act (IfSG). This law from 2001 contains rules to protect people against infectious diseases. Its instruments are aimed at preventing transmittable diseases, detecting them early and preventing their further spread. In any case, the Federal Government can initiate measures such as vaccinations, preventive medical check-ups, reporting obligations or the keeping of cancer registers on the basis of the constitution. Because infectious diseases often involve human-to-human transfer, the law empowers authorities to take measures that encroach on fundamental human rights. To protect the general public, there may even be interference with the physical integrity, freedom of movement, freedom of assembly, the secrecy of letters and mail and the inviolability of the home. A professional activity may also be forbidden. This is one of the laws in the Federal Republic of Germany that encroaches most deeply on the personal rights guaranteed by the German Constitution.
Impressionen zum Leben in Zeiten der Corona-Pandemie: Foto: tünews INTERNATIONAL; Mostafa Elyasian, 19.3.2020
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