In the German culture of remembrance, there are two dates on which politicians, the media, volunteers and many people remember the crimes and murder committed against millions of people of Jewish origin between 1933 and 1945. In addition to 9 November, the Night of Broken Glass, this is 27 January, Holocaust Remembrance Day. On 27 January 1945, soldiers of the Soviet Red Army liberated the Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration and extermination camp. In Germany, this day has been known as the Day of Remembrance for the Victims of National Socialism since 1996, a memorial service is held in the German Bundestag and many public buildings fly the official flag at half-mast, i.e. the flag of mourning. The United Nations General Assembly adopted a corresponding declaration in 2005, and since 2006 the day of remembrance has been observed in many countries around the world. Many European countries extended the commemoration of the Holocaust to include the prevention of crimes against humanity.
Fahnenhalbmast. Foto: tünews INTERNATIONAL / Mostafa Elyasian.